A person's home affiliation was proved by the certificate of residence. By issuing this document, the municipality confirmed that an individual had the right of domicile in that town or village.

Since these certificates were issued to individuals, it's much more likely that you would find them in your ancestor's personal papers rather than in an archive.

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 Certificate of residence  (District archive Uherské Hradiště, Czech language)

Home certificate issued to Rudolf Zálešák on 10 February 1924 by the municipal office in Horní Němčí, Moravia

English translation of this record

WHY were they collected?  Personal certificate confirming that the person had the right of domicile in a particular town or village
WHEN were they collected?   1849 – 1948
WHO collected the records? Municipal offices
WHAT information can be found? Name, date & place of birth, marital status, occupation, date, and reason for acquiring/loosing the right of domicile
In which ARCHIVES are they held? District archives, city archives (records from Prague, Brno, Ostrava, Plzen and Usti nad Labem)
In which archive FILES can they be found?  Archives of towns or villages
LANGUAGE of records Czech, German
AVAILABILITY  Very rare
What must be KNOWN before getting started? The place where the person had the right of domicile must be known. Home certificates are usualy stored in boxes, not sorted by alphabet.
Czech expression Domovský list (plural = Domovské listy)

 

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