The recruitment locality index specifies when & where military units were recruiting in different areas of the Austrian monarchy. The following table was extracted from the charts: Uebersicht der Werb-(Ergänzungs-) Bezirks - Eintheilung von 1781 bis 1889 found in book of Alphons Wrede: Geschicht des K. und K. Wehrmacht Vol. 1. Data for the years 1898 & 1909 were compiled from recruitment maps from those years.

Bohemian Infantry Recruitment District Assignments
Old Districts
(Werbbezirks)
1781  1807 1817 1830  1853 1857  1860  1867 New Districts
(Ergänzungsbezirks)
1883 1898  1909
České Budějovice
Budweis
10 54 54 11 11 11 11 11 České Budějovice
Budweis
91 91 91
Tábor
Tabor
10 54 54 11 11 11 75 75 Jindřichův Hradec
Neuhaus
75 75 75
Kouřim
Kaurzim 
11 11 

11, 18, 21

11 11 11 - - Benišov
Beneschau 
102 102 102
Čáslav
Caslau
28 21, 28

11, 18, 21

 21 21 21 21 21 Čáslav
Caslau
21 21 21
Chrudim
Chrudim
15 21, 28

11, 18, 21

21 21 21 21 21 Vysoké Mýto
Hohenmauth 
98 98 98
Hradec Králové
Könnigrätz 
57 21, 28 - 18 18 18 18 18 Hradec Králové
Könnigrätz
18 18 18 
Bydžov
Bidsow
21 18 11, 18, 21 - - - 74 74 Jičín
Jičín 
74 74 74
Boleslav
Bunzlau 
18 17 36 36 36 36 36 36 Mladá Boleslav
Jungbunzlau
36 36 36
Litoměřice
Leitmeritz
17 36 42 42 42 42 42 42 Terezín
Theresienstadt 
42 42 42
Žatec
Saaz 
36 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 Chomutov
Komotau
92 92 92
Cheb
Eger
42 42 42 42 42 42 73 73 Cheb
Eger 
73 73 73
Plzeň
Pilsen 
35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 Plzeň
Pilsen
35 35 35
Klatovy
Klattau
35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 Písek
Pisek 
11

11

11
Prácheň
Prachin 
25 25 25 25 11 11 11 11
Beroun
Beraun 
54 47 28 28 28 28 28 28 Beroun
Beraun
88 88 88
Rakovník
Rakonitz
47 47 28 28 28 28 28 28 Prague
Prag 
28 28 28
                  Turnov
Turnau
94 94 94
             Moravian & Silesian Infantry Recruitment District Assignments
Old Districts
(Werbbezirks)
1781 1807 1817 1830 1853 1857 1860 1867 New Districts
(Ergänzungsbezirks)
1883 1898 1909
Jihlava
Iglau
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 Jihlava
Iglau
81 81 81
Znojmo
Znaym 
22 22 8 8 8 8 8 8 Znojmo
Znaym 
99 99 99
Brno
Brünn
29 29, 10 29 8 8 8 8 8 Brno
Brünn
8 8 8
Olomouc – Upper
Olmütz Oberteil
12 12 12 54 54 54 54 54 Olomouc
Olmütz 
54 54 54
Olomouc – Lower
Olmütz Unterteil
1 15 12 54 54 54 54 54 Šumperk
Märisch Schöenberg
93 93 93
Uherské Hradiště
Hradisch
40 40 - 3 3 3 3 3 Kroměříž
Kremsier 
3 3 3
Přerov
Prerau
7 7, 1 1 1 - - - -  - - - -
Opava
Troppau
20 20, 57 57 29 1 1 1 1 Opava
Troppau
1 1 1
Těšin
Teschen
56 56 57 29 1 1 1 1 Těšin
Teschen
100 100 100

 

Infantry Recruitment districts on the Czech territory at the beginning of the 20th century

K. u. K. Armee (common army) K.K. Landwehr (Landdefense)

 

Recruitment districts were established as part of Maria Theresia's military reforms in 1770, along with census enumerations and house numbering. Originally they were demarcated to cover several parishes but, especially in the 18th century, the boundaries changed many times. By the mid-1800s, the recruitment districts were more or less stabilized, enough so that they gave shape to new political districts that were established in 1850 after the downfall of feudalism. One recruitment district comprised several political units. The map above, which reflects the situation at the beginning of the 20th century, shows which political districts were contained within the recruitment district boundaries. Using the database below, one can look up the village of an ancestor and determine to which political district it belonged, or use a filter to find which villages were included in a particular political district. Using the recruitment locality index, you can determine which regiment the inhabitants of a village most probably served, providing they were in the infantry, which was the most common assignment. This tool is helpful from the 1880s till 1918, when the boundaries of the political districts were more or less consistent. For older times this can only provide a suggestion of where to look. 

In addition to the infantry, Czech recruits could also be assigned to Field Jägers, Dragoons, Uhlans, and other specialized regiments. Once you manage to identify the unit where your ancestor served, you can find more information like where the garrisons were stationed, the ethnic composition of the troops, and the history on the following page. 

Database of villages and towns and and their relation to the historical political district and current district. 

Place: 
Political district: 
Current district: 
Search Options:

 Place   Political district   Current district 
 
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