Napoleon21813 and 1814 were a flash-point of the Napoleonic wars in Europe. After the invasion of Russia failed, the remnants of the French Grande Armée retreated west across the Czech lands under the pressure of the Russians forces. The Austrian monarchy joined an anti-Napoleon coalition and, together with Russia, Prussia, Sweden, Great Britain, Spain, and Portugal, were executing Napolean’s final defeat. The care of wounded Austrian, Russian, Prussian, and French soldiers, rapidly accumulating in the Czech territory, became a big issue. The existing hospitals were hardly able to care for Austrian soldiers, so many wounded had to stay on carriages in the streets. On 3 September 1813, a special board for managing field hospitals was appointed by the Czech Gubernium to solve this critical situation. Up till that time, unregulated first aid posts and hospitals began to be organized and classified into 2 categories: Main field hospitals (Hauptfeldspitals) and their subordinate branch hospitals (Filialfeldspital). For better orientation, the main hospitals were numbered; filial hospitals used the same number. These hospitals often occupied empty buildings of monasteries or castles, and their locality changed with the progressing front. For example, hospital number 24 was located in the Moravian castle of Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou from November 1813 till March 1814, then it was relocated to Venice and Treviso in Italy.

The database below contains the names of victims recoded in the death register duplicates for hospital number 24 who died in Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou and persons recoded in the original register who died in its filial hospital in nearby Jemnice. We transcribed these records at the request and thanks to financial support of Ms. Klára Čudrnáková - author of the book, Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou - What Napoleon Left Here: Circumstances of the Years 1805-1814 - War Casualties.

Since the writer of the registers spelled the names phonetically, most of the names and places are misspelled. This is especially true for French and Russian individuals. Despite this inconvenience, we hope that our database will help solve the mystery about the last resting place for relatives who failed to return from their Napoleonic War campaign.

Surgery tools from time of the Napoleonic Wars (from the book What Napoleon Left Here by Klára Čudrnáková)
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(823 Records)

 Regiment   Battalion   Company   Rank   Name   Birth place   Country   Age   Religion   Status   Illness   Date   Hospital 
French POW Gustin Delhelm StamineNeuburg20Catholicsingletyphoid26.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Joseph Colloredo12privateJohann Kopeček (orig. Joseph )gunshot wound29.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
French POW - 33.12privateAdam Meluch (orig. Melich)NawalAlsace18Catholicsingletyphoid16.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
French POW - 21.1privateJoseph Wanlay (orig. Wanlny)AltenbergAlsace22Catholicsinglespit blood9.1.1814Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
French POW - 103. regiment32privateSebastian ArnbrusterHeilig KreutzAlsace20Catholicsingledysentery9.1.1814Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Archduke Karl29privateFranz Kampner (orig. Hampner)Frißt BrugAustria20Catholicsinglediarrhea26.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Kerpen Infantry 14privateGeorg TrojnSeondorfAustria20Catholicsinglediarrhea18.11.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Artillery Handlanger2privateJohann Heinzel (orig. Hanzil)WillingsAustria22Catholicsingletuberculosis (orig. typhoid)27.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Kerpen Infantry 16privateJoseph EngHarfell (orig. Harfuel)Austria18Catholicsingledropsy17.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Kerpen Infantry 210privateJoseph KubinaStumkisel (Binakizel) Austria28Catholicsingledysentery25.11.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Kerpen19privateJoseph SitzensteterJugelAustria17Catholicsingledysentery17.1.1814Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Archduke Karl14privateJoseph StekelOberlauberAustria20Catholicmarriedtyphoid21.1.1814Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Kerpen29privateJoseph WazbürgerSt. Fait (Sankt Veit ?)Austria19Catholicsinglediarrhea20.11.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Archduke Karl14privateMathias MayerMeibergAustria18Catholicsingleexhaustion (orig. dysentery)8.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
...örper Infantry14privateMathias PanzenböckPukendorfAustria16Catholicsingledysentery27.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
CharioteerprivateMathis WildBischofteinizAustria45Catholicsingledysentery6.1.1814Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Archduke Karl24privatePeter KreitmanÜbensdorfAustria20Catholicsingletyphoid17.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Kerpen15privatePeter LeibfrustBischofstetten Austria21Catholicsingledysentery29.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Archduke Karl12privatePfilipp Schleier (orig. Schlimer)Groß HaraßAustria20Catholicsingletyphoid7.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Jägers battalion1privateSebastian KallySubermannsdorfAustria18Catholicsinglediarrhea19.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Marchaudo Landwehr29privateMartin StohlikSteselovitzBeronitz18Catholicsingletyphoid15.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Charioteer (orig. Landwehr)80. (orig. 2.)privateAdam KnappJesiliho (orig. Jeviliho)Bohemia26Catholicsingletyphoid17.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Froon213privateAlbert PischingerLangstowitzBohemia23Catholicsinglediarrhea (orig. typhoid)20.11.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Field Jägers127. DepotprivateAlbert Swoboda (orig. Adalbert)Collin / KolínBohemia17Catholicsinglediarrhea26.12.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
Vogelsang Infantry 212privateAlberth WroschJohanthalBohemia19Catholicsingletyphoid23.11.1813Hauptfeldspital number 24 Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
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