School reports are a very interesting source for genealogy in terms of the education. Not only can we learn the daily attendance record of our ancestors, how many excused and unexcused days they missed, but also grades they received in individual subjects. Reports are usually in the form of books, one book covers the school year and list all students. Schulkodex from 1805 specified marking on trivial schools as:
- The school attendence could be classified as Very diligent (velmi pilná/sehr fleißig), Diligent (pilná/fleißig) or Rare (řídká/dünn).
- Behavior could be Very good (velmi dobré/sehr gut), Good (dobré/gut), Middle (prostřední/mittel) or Inadequate (nepřiměřené/unangemessen).
- Subjects could be evaluated as Very good (velmi dobrý/sehr gut), Good (dobrý/gut), Middle (prostřední/mittel or Weak (slabý/schwach)
Since late-1800s grades in Czech school have been marked from 1 (the best) to 5 (the worst):
|Czech word equivalent||velmi dobrý||dobrý||dostatečný||sotva dostatečný||
|German word equivalent||vorzüglich||lobenswert||befriedigent||genügend||
English word equivalent according to character of the evaluation:
|Behavior||very moral||moral||not properly moral||undeserving||unlawful|
|Diligence||very diligent||diligent||not diligent enough||inconstant||negligible|
|Studying||very good||good||sufficient||barely sufficient||insufficient|
|Penmanship||very neat||neat||not neat enough||messy||
During World War II when the Czech system was unified with German, we had 6 grades.
School report 1857 (District archive in Hodonín, German language)1857 report from the trivial school in village of Čejkovice in Southern Moravia. The left half of the sheet records the house number, name of the father (or guardian), names of the children, and their birthdates. The right half of the sheet shows their grades in various subjects. The 29th student listed on this example is Tomas Masarik (Masaryk) who was the president of the First Czechoslovak Republic.
School report 1892 (District archive in České Budějovice, German language)School report with the classification of Ludwig Müller, 3rd year student of the teacher's academy in České Budějovice (Czech Budweis). Interesting is the notice informing about his moral offence caused by frequent visits to the pub. Czech Budweiser must have already been an excellent beer at that time. Probably this is one of the reasons why Ludwig had to repeat the grade.
School report 1922 (District archive in Vsetín, Czech language)School report showing the grades and attendance record for Ladislav Baranek, a 3rd grader in the elementary school in Valašské Meziříčí.
|WHY were they collected?||Evidence of students, along with their grades and record of attendence|
|WHEN were they collected?||18th century to present|
|WHO collected the records?||School teachers or administrators|
|WHAT information can be found?||Name and surname of student, name of parent or guadian, birth date, house number|
|In which ARCHIVES are they held?||District archives, city archives|
|In which archive FILES can they be found?||Archives of school offices|
|LANGUAGE of records||Czech, German|
|What must be KNOWN before getting started?||Name, town or village, and the parish district the place belongs to|
Třídní katalog, Výkaz o docházce a prospěchu
Collections of records sorted on the territorial basis
Collection of records from the whole country in one place