A person could be legally declared dead (declared death in absentia or legal presumption of death) despite the absence of direct proof of the person's death. Such a declaration was typically made when a person had been missing for an extended period of time and in the absence of any evidence that the person was still alive - or after a much shorter period but where the circumstances surrounding a person's disappearance overwhelmingly supported the belief that the person had died. Examples can be soldiers missing after a major battle or victims of concentration camps of WWII.
This legal proceeding was in the competence of the district court, to which a person belonged. The proceeding was usually initiated by a relative who wanted to solve property matters or remarry. If a person was declared dead, a death certificate was issued and the appropriate information was written in the death register.
Deaclaration of death in absentia 1947 (Moravian Land Archive in Brno, Czech language)
|WHY were they collected?||Legal proceeding of declaration of death of a person missing for an extended period of time|
|WHEN were they collected?||1850 to present|
|WHO collected the records?||Regional courts|
|WHAT information can be found?||Presumpted cause of death, probable place and time|
|In which ARCHIVES are they held?||
|In which archive FILES can they be found?||Regional courts, registration code T|
|LANGUAGE of records||Czech, German|
|AVAILABILITY||Legal proceeding files survived rarely. Basic information can be found in the court dockets.|
|What must be KNOWN before getting started?||Records are kept chronologically, it is advised to first search in indexes to court dockets or court registers. It is good to know date and possible time of death.|
|Czech expression||Prohlášení za mrtvého|