Roll call (Musterung) was a regular visitation (inspection) of a regiment, during which a muster roll was compiled. The Austrian military began collecting muster rolls in the 16th century, but records survive only back to 1740. Originally prepared in both the spring and autumn, they switched to a yearly enumeration from 1768 onward. All soldiers of the Austrian military were listed in the muster rolls, but the records are not preserved for the whole period.
In 1820, the muster rolls were discontinued and were replaced by basic service sheets.
Musterlisten (War Archive in Vienna, German language)garrison locality index, this regiment was stationed in Opava at that time. The envelope describes the regiment's structure: a total of 3298 soldiers served in 18 companies. The first two companies were grenadiers, the rest were infantrymen. The pages listing the officers folllow. From a genealogical point of view, the list of soldiers (picture number 3) is most important: Kaspara Malohlava from Štítná, Silesia is shown on line 56. He was 27 years old, Catholic, married. His wife lived at home, outside the military jurisdiction. The record also notes that Kaspar was recruited in 1779, spent 1780-1786 on furlough with a soldiers' pay of 6 gold, and in 1787 he deserted, but came back. He served in the company of Major Chevalier de Linde.
Revisionlisten (War Archive in Vienna, German language)
Standestabelen (War Archive in Vienna, German language)
Assentlisten and Transferierungslisten (War Archive in Vienna, German language)
Documents giving details similar to the Musterlisten for new or transferred personnel.
|WHY were they collected?||Regular audit of soldiers within a regiment and evidence of distributed soldiers' pay|
|WHEN were they collected?||1740-1820 (years of birth approximately 1720 - 1800)|
|WHO collected the records?||Austrian military regiments|
|WHAT information can be found?||Surname, first name, rank, place & country of birth, age, religion, marital status, civilian profession, stature, name & age of children, military career, if ever deserted or not. The Standestabellen only indicate changes within the previous month. In addition, the Assentlisten and Transferierungslisten give details similar to the Musterlisten for new or transferred personnel.|
|In which ARCHIVES are they held?||
War Archive in Vienna
|In which archive FILES can they be found?||Musterlisten and Standestabellen der k.k. Armee (MLST)|
|LANGUAGE of records||German|
|What must be KNOWN before getting started?||Records are filed by regiment and year. Within one regiment, the names are collected by company or squadron, and rank. The Standestabellen are filed by regiment, year, and month. The particular regiment must be known, in addition to name, surname, residence and place of birth. To help identify the regiment where a person was conscripted, we prepared a recruitment locality index.|
|German expression||Musterlisten and Standestabellen|
Basic service sheetsNext >