Roll call (Musterung) was a regular visitation (inspection) of a regiment, during which a muster roll was compiled. The Austrian military began collecting muster rolls in the 16th century, but records survive only back to 1740. Originally prepared in both the spring and autumn, they switched to a yearly enumeration from 1768 onward. All soldiers of the Austrian military were listed in the muster rolls, but the records are not preserved for the whole period.
In 1820, the muster rolls were discontinued and were replaced by basic service sheets.
Musterlisten (War Archive in Vienna, German language)This is an example of the Muster rolls for the 20th Infantry Regiment of Count Kounic (Kaunitz) from 1787. As shown in the garrison locality index, this regiment was stationed in Opava at that time. The envelope describes the regiment's structure: a total of 3298 soldiers served in 18 companies. The first two companies were grenadiers, the rest were infantrymen. The pages listing the officers folllow. From a genealogical point of view, the list of soldiers (picture number 3) is most important: Kaspara Malohlava from Štítná, Silesia is shown on line 56. He was 27 years old, Catholic, married. His wife lived at home, outside the military jurisdiction. The record also notes that Kaspar was recruited in 1779, spent 1780-1786 on furlough with a soldiers' pay of 6 gold, and in 1787 he deserted, but came back. He served in the company of Major Chevalier de Linde.
Revisionlisten (War Archive in Vienna, German language)During wartime, no Musterlisten were produced. Instead, Revisionlisten were submitted. These abbreviated reports show the names of officers and ordinary soldiers, however no other personal data.
Standestabelen (War Archive in Vienna, German language)The Standestabellen indicate changes in a regiment within the previous month. This is a good source of information to find details on military missions, discharges, or date of death. Our example shows the regiment of Count Kounic in October 1805, on the eve of the Battle of Austerlitz. From literature it's known that this regiment operated in Germany to knock back Napoleon's campaign and fought at Günzburg and Jungingen. On October 17, most of this regiment was captured, which is also the case for Kašpar Malohlava, as shown in picture number 3. While in captivity, soldiers were still alloted their pay and bread ration. From further research, we know that Kašpar returned to his company after he bought his freedom.
Assentlisten and Transferierungslisten (War Archive in Vienna, German language)
Documents giving details similar to the Musterlisten for new or transferred personnel.
|WHY were they collected?||Regular audit of soldiers within a regiment and evidence of distributed soldiers' pay|
|WHEN were they collected?||1740-1820 (years of birth approximately 1720 - 1800)|
|WHO collected the records?||Austrian military regiments|
|WHAT information can be found?||Surname, first name, rank, place & country of birth, age, religion, marital status, civilian profession, stature, name & age of children, military career, if ever deserted or not. The Standestabellen only indicate changes within the previous month. In addition, the Assentlisten and Transferierungslisten give details similar to the Musterlisten for new or transferred personnel.|
|In which ARCHIVES are they held?||
War Archive in Vienna
|In which archive FILES can they be found?||Musterlisten and Standestabellen der k.k. Armee (MLST)|
|LANGUAGE of records||German|
|What must be KNOWN before getting started?||Records are filed by regiment and year. Within one regiment, the names are collected by company or squadron, and rank. The Standestabellen are filed by regiment, year, and month. The particular regiment must be known, in addition to name, surname, residence and place of birth. To help identify the regiment where a person was conscripted, we prepared a recruitment locality index.|
|German expression||Musterlisten and Standestabellen|
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